Here is a compilation of tidbits that didn’t quite warrant their own blog post, but are interesting enough to share.
- Is it wreck havoc or wreak havoc? According to the online Merriam-Webster Dictionary, wreck means “a vehicle, airplane, etc., that has been badly damaged or destroyed; a ruined or destroyed ship; an accident in which a car, airplane, train, etc., is badly damaged or destroyed.” On the other hand, wreak means “to cause (something very harmful or damaging)” and “bring about, cause <wreak havoc>.” So the correct phrase is to wreak havoc.
- Personal pronouns like myself, himself, herself, etc. can ONLY be used in certain circumstances:
- to reflect back to the subject – I found myself craving a nap on my day off.
- to emphasize a noun or a pronoun that has already been expressed – The secretaries themselves did all the work for the buffet.
- Do NOT use a compound personal pronoun unless the noun or pronoun to which it refers is in the same sentence.
- The reservations are for the Smiths and myself. (There is nothing for myself to refer back to here, so it should say “the Smiths and me.”)
- John and myself can meet on Tuesday. (It should be “John and I can meet on Tuesday.”)
- Family terms using the prefix great or the suffix in-law should always be hyphenated. However, terms involving step or grand are kept solid.
- My great-grandmother lived in Arkansas.
- John’s son-in-law wanted to move his family to Alaska.
- I love being a grandmother.
- Sara’s stepchildren are a blessing in her life.
Pretty quick, huh? I hope you learned a little something. Remember to email any topics you would like to see covered to email@example.com!
It is so disheartening that ESPN could make this error. This is the kind of error I see on Facebook a lot, but ESPN’s business is words and they should get it right. Their, there, they’re–they may all sound alike, but they are very different!
A friend sent this Giggle to me. While “are” and “our” are sometimes confusing, this is really basic 4th grade (or lower!) English stuff.
Pulled this one from Twitter. Your and you’re are confusing to people. Just remember that if the sentence should read “If you see this, you are in second,” then use you’re–which is the contraction of you and are. If the sentence should be “If you see this, your second base is showing,” it means that second base belongs to you. Pretty simple if you think about it for a minute or two–so please do!
It seems that in the legal field, it is hard to break old habits–especially in the use of antiquated phrases. One of my least favorite is “enclosed please find.” If you are enclosing something, you only need to say “enclosed is” or “enclosed are” (if you are enclosing more than one thing). That says all that you need to say. You don’t need to fill up a piece of paper or an email with words for the sake of thinking you sound more intelligent when getting the point across and saving your reader time will serve the same purpose. Here are more phrases that you should stop using:
- Above-referenced. If your communication has a “re:” line, and later in the letter you say “In the above-referenced case,” the reader has a tendency to have their eyes drift back up to the re: line and then back down to re-find their place. Instead use the re: line, but if you refer to it again, say “In the Smith v. Jones case” so your reader doesn’t get interrupted from your message.
- Under separate cover. If you are sending something else separately, say “I am sending you separately (or by FedEx, etc.)
- Please note that. This phrase is unnecessary. You don’t need to ask them to note something, just tell them and they are smart enough to at least mentally make note of it.
- I am forwarding. Saying “I am sending” says the same thing without being so formal.
- Please do not hesitate to contact me. What you’re asking them to do is to call or email you, so say “Please call me” or “Please contact me” (giving them the option for the most convenient method for them) instead.
- At your earliest convenience. Give a specific date or just leave this phrase out.
- With regard to. Use “regarding” instead.
- In the event that. It is so much simpler to say “if.”
- Pursuant to your request. “As requested” says the same thing.
- The undersigned. You are talking about yourself, so just say “I.”
Speak in correspondence (letters and emails) more like you would speak on the telephone and much less formally. Your clients and coworkers already know you are intelligent. Speaking in such a formal way doesn’t make you any more intelligent.
Ease up and be less formal so your reader doesn’t have to wade through a bunch of stuff that is unnecessary to get to your message. Make it easy for them (and you) by using less formal language in your communications.
I keep seeing the same mistakes over and over with misusing words that are similarly spelled or are forms of other words and cause confusion. I’ll try to make it more clear to make it easier to choose the right word.
Accept and Except – accept is to take or receive; except is to exclude.
- She was able to accept the package for Jim. (She was able to RECEIVE the package)
- Everyone was invited except Joe. (Joe was EXCLUDED from the invitation.)
Affect and Effect – affect is to influence or to change; effect is the result or impression or to bring about.
- The habit of coming in late had an affect on Sally’s raise this year. (Sally’s habit of coming in late INFLUENCED her raise.)
- The effect of the rain was a beautiful rainbow and also several accidents on the rush hour drive home. (The beautiful rainbow and the accidents were the RESULT OF the rain.)
Choose and Chose – choose means to select; chose means you have already selected.
- She will choose her car based on its color. (She will MAKE her selection of car based on color.)
- She chose the red car. (She already MADE the selection of the red car.)
Ensure and Insure – ensure means to make certain; insure means to protect against loss.
- He wanted to ensure the job was done correctly. (He wanted to MAKE CERTAIN the job was done correctly.)
- She was able to insure her sports car. (She PROTECTED her sports car.)
Gibe and Jibe – gibe means a sarcastic remark or to scoff at; jibe means to agree.
- The gibe about her hair color was hurtful. (The SARCASTIC REMARK about her hair color was hurtful.)
- The figures didn’t jibe between the checking account and the accounting system. (The figures didn’t AGREE between the checking account and the accounting system.)
Its and It’s – its is the possessive form of it; it’s is the contraction for it is or it has. This is particularly confusing because most possessive forms use the apostrophe, but just remember if you cannot replace your word with “it is,” then you use “its.”
- The dog chewed up its collar. (The collar BELONGED to the dog.)
- It’s the third collar they had to buy the puppy. (IT IS the third collar.)
Know and No – know means to understand; no means not any.
- I now know the correct usage of it’s. (I UNDERSTAND the correct usage of it’s.)
- He has no money to go on vacation. (He does NOT HAVE ANY money to go on vacation.)
Loose and Lose – loose means not bound or to release; lose means to suffer the loss of.
- The dog got loose from its leash and ran out of the yard. (The dog is NOT BOUND by its leash.)
- She was afraid she would lose her dog once it got loose. (Now that the dog is loose, she may SUFFER THE LOSS OF the dog if he does not come home.)
Their and There – their means belonging to them; there means in that place.
- Their house is the nicest on the block. (The house BELONGING TO THEM is the nicest on the block.)
- The car is there in the driveway. (The car is IN THAT PLACE in the driveway.)
Your and You’re – your means that it belongs to you; you’re is the contraction for you are. This one is misused by most of the people I see on Facebook who are teens or preteens and even some young adults and makes me question how they are teaching this in school.
- I thought you said my phone was in your purse? (The purse BELONGS to you.)
- You’re going to the movies tonight, aren’t you? (YOU ARE going to the movies.)
I will have to print this list out for my grandchildren so I don’t get the urge to comment on their Facebook status to change it for them.
I hope the some of the confusion is cleared up. Are there words that are confusing to you? Comment below or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org.